Dangerous Goods Transportation Regulations
Infectious substances have been regulated by the International Air Transport Association (IATA)
since the very early 1970's. In the US, etiologic agents (Infectious Substances) have been regulated since September 30, 1972 by the
U.S. Department of Transport. Canada finally regulated the Transport of Infectious Substances when the
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and Regulations became effective during July 1985.
Enforcement has been an evolutionary process and in the beginning was, for the most part, ignored by the shippers of Infectious Substances.
Some carriers tried to enforce the IATA DGR but received very little help. The first generation of regulations were probably unenforceable even if the authorities
had understood them. The present situation however is undergoing a process of rapid change.
Liability and criminal risks have become unacceptable to the shippers as a whole and progress is being made in both compliance and enforcement.
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